notes: phrasal verb list A-B
account for something
to give an explanation for something
Well, how do you account
for the fact that there's £20,000
There's a lot of money not accounted
add something on (to)
to include in a calculation or on a list
It'll cost more once you've added the
Buying a house is very expensive after you've added
on the solicitor's costs.
OK, so we need a new printer, a scanner and a webcam. What about speakers? Add them on to the
list as well.
add something up
to total by adding
to be satisfactory when you think about it
I've added all
my expenses up and you owe
They say the company is very successful and there aren't any problems with
staff, suppliers or customers. But they're selling it at a very low price.
It just doesn't add up.
to abandon your position in an argument
The argument lasted for hours because
neither of them would back down.
He backed down when it became clear that nobody
else supported him.
back out (of
to break an agreement
to not do what you said you would
The two companies were going to
merge, but one of them backed out at
the last minute.
One company backed out of
the deal because of rumours about the other company's finances.
back someone/something up
Everyone backed him up when
he complained about the conditions at work.
I'll listen to your complaints about the conditions at work when you have
some evidence to back them up.
Whenever you write a new report, remember to back it up on
If you have problems with the new
system, just phone our office and our staff will give you all the back-up you
You must have a back-up copy in case anything
goes wrong with the computer.
to have decreased
to not be working (computers/phones)
down by nearly 30%, so we'll have to start thinking about
reducing the number of staff.
The computers are down again, so we can't get
the plane tickets over the internet.
The phones were down for three days after the
be in on something
to know something that isn't common knowledge
to be involved in something
The takeover was a complete surprise
to me. Were you in on it?
I wasn't in on the plan at
the beginning, but then someone asked me to join.
to not be at work
She's not here. She's
off today. I think she's got a hospital appointment.
That's the fourth time she's been off this month.
be out of something
to not have any more
out of ink again. Have you
got another cartridge?
The machine's out of coffee.
You'll have to have tea or chocolate.
to have increased
up 60% this year, so we'll be able to pay a dividend.
Sales were up so much we had to employ extra
boss someone around
to tell people what to do (often and needlessly)
You'd think he owned the company
the way he bosses everyone around.
Stop bossing me around!
I've been working here longer than you have.
branch out (into
to expand into new areas
If you want the company to grow,
the business will have to branch out into
We're involved in all areas of the hotel business now, but we started with
a restaurant and then branched out.
to stop working
break something down (by)
to show separately
We must get a new photocopier.
This one's always breaking down.
I don't want a total figure. I want everything broken
down by departments so I can see who's
When you break the figures down by category,
you can see that most of our spending is on R&D.
There was a breakdown on
the tube this morning, so everyone got to work late.
I want a complete breakdown of all those figures.
bring something forward
to arrange to have or do earlier
meeting has been brought forward from
Tuesday to Monday.
We've decided to bring the
launch date forward to take advantage
of the pre-Christmas increase in trading.
bring something out
to launch a product
out a new line of summer clothing next
That's not a new computer program,. They brought that out years
bring something up
up the question of wage rises in
Well, I was waiting for the manager to bring it up,
but he didn't. So I had to.
brush something up
to renew your knowledge of something
Either the existing staff will
have to go to evening classes to brush up their
Spanish, or we'll have to employ new staff who actually know
If you brush your languages up,
then that will help you get a better job.
to exercises and pdf files
notes from this page - pdf file for download or printing
Gapfill exercise - online
exercise - pdf file for download or printing
Phrasal verbs C: call for --> cut off
Phrasal verbs D-F: deal with --> fit
Phrasal verbs G: get across --> go
Phrasal verbs H-L: hand out --> look
Phrasal verbs M-P: make out --> put
Phrasal verbs R-S: reckon on --> sum
Phrasal verbs T-Z: take down --> work
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